489. Elaboration and characterization of biodegradable poly(aspartic-co-glutamic acid) hydrogels as soil additives with different crosslinkers

Youssef Hafidi, Hicham El Hatka, Dominik Schmitz, Markus Biel and Najim Ittobane, Polymers and Polymer Composites, (2024), DOI: 10.1177/09673911241234838

This work introduces a promising biodegradable copolymer synthesized through the fusion of D,L-aspartic acid (ASP) and L-glutamic acid (GA) utilizing melt polymerization. Employing infrared spectroscopy (IR), nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy (1H NMR, 13C NMR), and X-ray diffraction (XRD), the copolymer’s structural characterization highlights its distinctive physicochemical attributes. The synthesis, conducted with a facile and controllable melt polymerization method, yielded a remarkable product yield of up to 81%. The optimization of water absorption properties involved a meticulous exploration of various diamine cross-linking agents—hexamethylene diamine (HMD), lysine (LYS), and a synthesized tartaric acid dihydrazide (TD) derivative. Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR), nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy (NMR), and scanning electron microscopy (SEM) were employed to confirm the copolymer’s structure, morphology, and cross-linking efficiency. The findings underscore exceptional water retention capabilities, with a peak swelling ratio of 11.874% achieved at a 10% concentration of hexamethylene diamine. Beyond advancing superabsorbent materials, this study contributes to mitigating environmental concerns associated with non-biodegradable alternatives.