Wall paintings in the XVI century Serra Chapel in the “Chiesa di Nostra Signora del Sacro Cuore” Rome, have been studied using unilateral NMR. In order to map the distribution of moisture content in the wall painted, a large number of Hahn echo measurements, covering large areas of the wall painting were performed. Because the intensity of the Hahn echo is proportional to the amount of moisture in the area under study, the experimental data were transformed into 2D gradient colour maps which allowed an easy visualization of the moisture content of the wall. The state of conservation of the wall painting was monitored using T2 measurements specially with regards to outcropping salt.
Proietti, N., et al. “Unilateral NMR Study of a XVI Century Wall Painted.” Journal of Magnetic Resonance, vol. 186, no. 2, 2007, pp. 311–318., doi:10.1016/j.jmr.2007.03.011. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jmr.2007.03.011