353. Interplay of Near-Zero-Field Dephasing, Rephasing, and Relaxation Dynamics and [1-13C]Pyruvate Polarization Transfer Efficiency in Pulsed SABRE-SHEATH

Shiraz Nantogma, Shannon L. Eriksson, Isaiah Adelabu, Iuliia Mandzhieva, Austin Browning, Patrick TomHon, Warren S. Warren, Thomas Theis, Boyd M. Goodson and Eduard Y. Chekmenev; The Journal of Physical Chemistry A; (2022); DOI: 10.1021/acs.jpca.2c07150

Hyperpolarized [1-13C]pyruvate is a revolutionary molecular probe enabling ultrafast metabolic MRI scans in 1 min. This technology is now under evaluation in over 30 clinical trials, which employ dissolution Dynamic Nuclear Polarization (d-DNP) to prepare a batch of the contrast agent; however, d-DNP technology is slow and expensive. The emerging SABRE-SHEATH hyperpolarization technique enables fast (under 1 min) and robust production of hyperpolarized [1-13C]pyruvate via simultaneous chemical exchange of parahydrogen and pyruvate on IrIMes hexacoordinate complexes. Here, we study the application of microtesla pulses to investigate their effect on C-13 polarization efficiency, compared to that of conventional SABRE-SHEATH employing a static field (∼0.4 μT), to provide the matching conditions of polarization transfer from parahydrogen-derived hydrides to the 13C-1 nucleus. Our results demonstrate that using square-microtesla pulses with optimized parameters can produce 13C-1 polarization levels of up to 14.8% (when detected, averaging over all resonances), corresponding to signal enhancement by over 122,000-fold at the clinically relevant field of 1.4 T. We anticipate that our results can be directly translated to other structurally similar biomolecules such as [1-13C]α-ketoglutarate and [1-13C]α-ketoisocaproate. Moreover, other more advanced pulse shapes can potentially further boost heteronuclear polarization attainable via pulsed SABRE-SHEATH.