399. Application of Benchtop NMR for Metabolomics Study Using Feces of Mice with DSS-Induced Colitis

Zihao Song, Yuki Ohnishi, Seiji Osada, Li Gan, Jiaxi Jiang, Zhiyan Hu, Hiroyuki Kumeta, Yasuhiro Kumaki, Yuki Yokoi, Kiminori Nakamura, Tokiyoshi Ayabe, Kazuo Yamauchi and Tomoyasu Aizawa, metabolites (2023), DOI: 10.3390/metabo13050611 (open access)

Nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR)-based metabolomics, which comprehensively measures metabolites in biological systems and investigates their response to various perturbations, is widely used in research to identify biomarkers and investigate the pathogenesis of underlying diseases. However, further applications of high-field superconducting NMR for medical purposes and field research are restricted by its high cost and low accessibility. In this study, we applied a low-field, benchtop NMR spectrometer (60 MHz) employing a permanent magnet to characterize the alterations in the metabolic profile of fecal extracts obtained from dextran sodium sulfate (DSS)-induced ulcerative colitis model mice and compared them with the data acquired from high-field NMR (800 MHz). Nineteen metabolites were assigned to the 60 MHz 1H NMR spectra. Non-targeted multivariate analysis successfully discriminated the DSS-induced group from the healthy control group and showed high comparability with high-field NMR. In addition, the concentration of acetate, identified as a metabolite with characteristic behavior, could be accurately quantified using a generalized Lorentzian curve fitting method based on the 60 MHz NMR spectra.