414. Electrodeposition of Reactive Aluminum-Nickel Coatings in an AlCl3:[EMIm]Cl Ionic Liquid Containing Nickel Nanoparticles

María del Carmen Mejia, Marcus Graske, Andreas Winter, Christoph Baumer, Michael Stich, Carlos Mattea, Adriana Ispas, Nishchay A. Isaac, Peter Schaaf and Siegfried Stapf, Journal of The Electrochemical Society (2023), DOI: 10.1149/1945-7111/ace382

The electrodeposition of aluminum-nickel coatings was performed by pulsed direct current in the ionic liquid (IL) 1.5:1 AlCl3:EMIm]Cl containing nickel nanoparticles (Ni NPs), for reactive dispersion coating application. Several electrochemical and characterization techniques were used to shed more light on the mechanism of Ni particle incorporation into the Al matrix. Thus, particle incorporation at the early stage of the deposition would mainly take place via particle adsorption at the substrate. However, as the thickness of the coating increases, it seems that the main mechanism for particle incorporation is via the reduction of [Al2Cl7]-ions adsorbed at the particles surface. Although a considerable high incorporation of Ni NPs has been achieved from the IL containing the highest concentration of Ni NPs (i.e. ∼33 wt% from a 20 g/L of Ni NPs bath), a high concentration of NPs in the IL resulted having a negative effect in terms of quality of the coatings, due to solidification of the electrolyte in a poorly conductive compound. Moreover, almost equivalent amounts of Ni and Al (Ni ∼45 wt.%and Al ∼44 wt.%) have been detected in some areas of the coatings. Such a layer composition would be desired for the targeted application.