490. A Pickering emulsion stabilized by Chitosan-g-Poly(N-vinylcaprolactam) microgels: Interface formation, stability and stimuli-responsiveness

Yue Li, Mengting Chen, Yanjun Ding, Yanke Li, Mingming Guo, Yichuan ZhangYoussef Hafidi, Hicham El Hatka, Dominik Schmitz, Markus Biel and Najim Ittobane, Carbohydrate Polymers, (2024), DOI: 10.1016/j.carbpol.2024.121948

Pickering emulsions stabilized by solid particles are more stable and environmentally friendly compared to traditional surfactants. Herein, a series of Chitosan-g-Poly(N-vinylcaprolactam) (CS-g-PNVCL) microgel particles were synthesized via a free radical surfactant-free emulsion copolymerization and the obtained particles were used to stabilize Pickering emulsions. It is found that the ratio (CS/PNVCL = 60 wt%) was optimal to produce Pickering emulsions. The microstructures of Pickering emulsions can maintain for 60 days at room temperature and this long-term stability is attributed to the CS-g-PNVCL microgel particles adsorbed at the oil-water interface. The Pickering emulsions displayed thermo-responsive characteristics when exposed to environmental stimuli. The emulsions became destabilized with an increase in pH and temperature. The droplets turned unstable and irregular due to excessive NaCl concentration, caused by electrostatic repulsion between the microgel particles. This study presents a novel way to form smart and uniform Pickering emulsions with the application potential in food, cosmetics, and drug delivery, etc.