516. Quantification of Biopharmaceutically Relevant Nonionic Surfactant Excipients Using Benchtop qNMR

Ciarán C. Lynch, Gennady Khirich and Ryan T. Lee, Analytical Chem, (2024), DOI: 10.1021/acs.analchem.4c00422

Nonionic surfactant excipients (NISEs) are commonly added to biologics formulations to mitigate the effects of stress incurred by the active biotherapeutic during manufacturing, transport, and storage. During manufacturing, NISEs are added by dilution of a stock solution directly into a protein formulation, and their accurate addition is critical in maintaining the quality and integrity of the drug product and thus ensuring patient safety. This is especially true for the common NISEs, polysorbates 20 and 80 (PS20 and PS80, respectively) and poloxamer 188 (P188). With the increasing diversity of biologic modalities within modern pharmaceutical pipelines, there is thus a critical need to develop and deploy convenient and user-accessible analytical techniques that can rapidly and reliably quantify these NISEs under biopharmaceutically relevant conditions. We thus pursued 60 MHz benchtop quantitative NMR (qNMR) as a nondestructive and user-friendly analytical technique for the quantification of PS20, PS80, and P188 under such conditions. We demonstrated the ability of benchtop qNMR (1) to quantify simulated PS20, PS80, and P188 stock solutions representative of those used during the drug substance (DS) formulation step in biomanufacturing and (2) to quantify these NISEs at and below their target concentrations (≤0.025% w/v) directly in biologics formulations containing histidine, sucrose, and one of three biotherapeutic modalities (monoclonal antibody, antibody-drug conjugate, and Fc-fusion protein). Our results demonstrate that benchtop qNMR offers a fit-for-purpose, reliable, user-friendly, and green analytical route by which NISE of interest to the biopharmaceutical industry may be readily and reliably quantified. We conclude that benchtop qNMR has the potential to be applied to other excipient formulation components in the presence of various biological modalities as well as the potential for routine integration within analytical and QC laboratories across pharmaceutical development and manufacturing sites.