Offering multifaceted applications, thin fibrous porous materials are mostly used in stacks of layers, each layer having a defined functionality. Since only a few pores exist across a layer a couple of hundred microns thick, the interface between layers may significantly affect liquid ingress. Thus, the main objective of the study is to substantiate that an interface layer is present during liquid infiltration between stacked thin fibrous layers and that it affects the fluid transport properties. A compact single-sided NMR device with a low static gradient of about 2 T/m perpendicular to the sensor surface and a uniform magnetic field in lateral directions was used to profile a 2-mm thick slice in one shot. The liquid ingress into the thin fibrous layers and their interfaces was visualized by Fourier-transforming the NMR signal and processing the time-dependent 1D profiles with a newly developed mathematical method. The flow characteristics and liquid distribution profiles of a 400-µm thick layer were compared with those of two stacked 200-µm thick layers from the same material but with an interface between them. The results show major differences in distributions and flow dynamics for the single and dual layer cases, which reveal the importance of the interface in fluid flow.
Mohebbi, A.H. Tavangarrad, J. Claussen, B. Blumich, S.M. Hassanizadeh, R. Rosati, Revealing how interfaces in stacked thin fibrous layers affect liquid ingress and transport properties by single-sided NMR, J. Magn. Reson. 294 (2018) 16-23. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jmr.2018.06.014