351. Relevance of the Cation in Anion Binding of a Triazole Host: An Analysis by Electrophoretic Nuclear Magnetic Resonance

Pascal Steinforth, Melania Gómez-Martínez, Lukas-Maximilian Entgelmeier, Olga García Mancheño and Monika Schönhoff; The Journal of Physical Chemistry B; (2022); DOI: 10.1021/acs.jpcb.2c05064

Triazole hosts allow cooperative binding of anions via hydrogen bonds, which makes them versatile systems for application in anion binding catalysis to be performed in organic solvents. The anion binding behavior of a tetratriazole host is systematically studied by employing a variety of salts, including chloride, acetate, and benzoate, as well as different cations. Classical nuclear magnetic resonance (1H NMR) titrations demonstrate a large influence of cation structures on the anion binding constant, which is attributed to poor dissociation of most salts in organic solvents and corrupts the results of classical titration techniques. We propose an approach employing electrophoretic NMR (eNMR), yielding drift velocities of each species in an electric field and thus allowing a distinction between charged and uncharged species. After the determination of the dissociation constants KD for the salts, electrophoretic mobilities are measured for all species in the host-salt system and are analyzed in a model which treats anion binding as a consecutive reaction to salt dissociation, yielding a corrected anion binding constant KA. Interestingly, dependence of KA on salt concentration occurs, which is attributed to cation aggregation with the anion-host complex. Finally, by the extrapolation to zero salt concentration, the true anion-host binding constant is obtained. Thus, the approach by eNMR allows a fully quantitative analysis of two factors that might impair classical anion binding studies, namely, an incomplete salt dissociation as well as the occurrence of larger aggregate species.